risk factors include chronic pre-amputation pain, post-operative surgical pain and psychological distress.
Phantom pains often described as crushing, toes twisting, hot iron, burning, tingling, cramping, shocking, shooting, “pins & needles”
Tends to localise to more distal phantom structures (e.g. fingers and toes)
Prevalence in early stages 60-80%
Independent of age in adults, gender, level or side of amputation
rest of choices can be ruled out