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NBME 23 Answers

nbme23/Block 3/Question#22 (39.2 difficulty score)
A 54-year-old woman with rheumatic heart ...
Intra-alveolar transudatesπŸ”,πŸ“Ί

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submitted by shaydawn88(8),
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Is ti erlaonira-latv etsauradnst abcseue isth itptean mithg heav FH td/ a. bif dna felt atilra etn&tmg-reag;lne icn yohrtcstiad -;spgretur&se terusnaadt euarlpl ofesi?nuf

sajaqua1  Basically. +4  
medschul  Why can it not be arterial hypertension? +2  
meningitis  I think Arterial HTN is referring to Pulmonary Artery HTN which would be present in LT HF in the long run with RT HF and edema. Pulm HTN would cause a backflow, and doesn't really answer the question "explain the patients Dyspnea". At least, that's how I saw it. Hope this helped. +5  
sugaplum  the question has 2 murmurs, so does she have aortic stenosis too? i guess it is not relevant since it asked for what is causing her SOB +2  
nukie404  I guess pulmonary HTN would happen in response to increased pressure after the edema happens, and would cause backflow (to the RV) over pulmonary edema. +  
vulcania  There's a really great diagram in UWorld (QID 234) that explains what happens as a result of mitral stenosis. Very similar sounding to the patient in this question. +  
srdgreen123  @sugaplum, yes rheumatic heart disease can cause mitral and aortic stenosis. Rheumatic aortic stenosis can be distinguished from degenerative aortic stenosis by 1)coexisting mitral stenosis and 2)fusion of the commisures. +1  

submitted by dentist(56),
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haumricet hrt dz = lirtam onstseis = npruloyam eamed irl(etabal escrackl) = dpyaens

submitted by kimcharito(14),
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ti si oanrml nriiraaitod to het GTHIR e?nck ahtw eosd ti an?em

krewfoo99  @kimcharito Aortic stenosis radiates to the carotids FA pg. 285 (2018) +1  

submitted by charcot_bouchard(436),
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ldO dtdteue avhe coiArt sssiont.e tiarAl ctrnnoactoi bmoeec esniastel fro hist aeitptn. so SA + bAIF si dgnrauseo eebuasc hsti eecsdru teh LV edopral tcinfnygilsia nda stih ettnipa dlseepvo .HF oS bFAi in SA pnieatt eend to ocrrcte mtieildayme

aisel1787  she's not so old! stupid comment +