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NBME 16 Answers

nbme16/Block 3/Question#20 (4.9 difficulty score)
An investigator is studying strains of ...
Natural transformation🔍

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Natural transformation is when bacteria take up naked bacterial chromosomal DNA in their environment (usually from cell lysis). A cell "lysate" is what remains of bacterial genes when the bacteria is dead (can be extracted from bacteria, as shown here). The SHiN bugs all can undergo transformation. You know it is transformation even without knowing which bugs can do so because it doesn't take up the DNA when DNase is added (it kills any free environmental DNA in the lysate)