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nbme24/Block 2/Question#16

A 28-year-old man with chronic hepatitis C comes to ...

HIV

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submitted by m-ice(124),

The patient seems to have an infection due to their elevated temperature and abnormal chest X-ray. However, their leukocyte count is low. In addition, the patient has hepatitis C, which is often associated with similar transmission routes to HIV, like intravenous drug use.

sajaqua1  Not only is their WBC count low, it is not uniform. If we assume a minimum normal WBC count of 5000 cells/mL^3, and a regular range of ~60% neutrophils, then normally a person should have ~3,000 neutrophils/mL^3. This patient has a total of 2000 cells/mL^3, with 1,800 neutrophils/mL^3. Their lymphocytes and macrophages have been whiped out. This is best accounted for by HIV. +10