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NBME 21 Answers

nbme21/Block 3/Question#24

Diastolic blood pressures are obtained in two ...

Median of group Y: higher; Mode of group Y: higher

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 +4  upvote downvote
submitted by amarousis(9),

so for this one you have to look at the diastolic blood pressure and that's the values you're supposed to read. not the numbers in the columns. Like group X's mode is 70 because it has that value 32 times. group y's mode is 80 because it appears 20 times. for median, you would have to write the diastolic number 50-120 how ever many times it appears and then find the middle. tricky question.

sahusema  Wow. I hate this. I only looked at the number of participants and completely ignored the Diastolic BP readings +1  




 +3  upvote downvote
submitted by yb_26(47),

[https://www.reddit.com/r/usmlestep1/comments/c96406/explanation_for_question_from_nbme21/]

sorry for the napkin, hope that will help someone

fadila  median should be: 70 for group X ; 85 for group Y median here is the avarage of Diastolic BP measured betweeen the 50 & 51 patients (since the number of patients in each group in even; Median= (n+1)/2 -> (100+1)/2= 50.5) Group X = (70+70)/2 = 70 Group Y = (80+90)/2 = 85 +  




 +1  upvote downvote
submitted by yb_26(47),

FullSizeRender-04-07-19-11-28.jpg

sorry for the napkin, hope that will help someone

yb_26  tried to attach photo, sorry for that( +  




 +0  upvote downvote
submitted by hajj(0),

can anyone explain this? i know median for y is higher by calculation but x has two modes so how come y has higher mode?

lispectedwumbologist  The mode in X is 32 and the mode in Y is 80 +  
lispectedwumbologist  The mode in X is 70 and the mode in Y is 80* +1  
hajj  Thank you! +  
hungrybox  Just checking in so I could feel smart about getting this right despite bombing the rest of the test lmao +2  
usmleuser007  can someone please explain the median in this +  
nala_ula  The median can be known by first assembling the numbers in order from least to greater. If it's an uneven number set, the number in the middle is the median (for example: 4, 10, 12, 20, 27 = median is 12 since this is the number in the middle); if the numbers are even then you have to take the two values in the middle, add them up and divide them by 2 [for example: 4, 10, 12, 12, 20, 27 = (12+12)/2 = 12]. Page 261 on FA 2019 explains it as well. Not sure if I explained it well... good luck on the test, people! +  
dubin johnson  Can someone please explain how the mode for Y than X. Not sure how we got the values above. Thanks! +  
dubin johnson  I mean how is the mode for Y greater than mode for x? +1  
sgarzon15  Mode is the one that repeats the most once you list them in order +  
usmile1  Median would be the BP value that the person in the 50th percentile of each group would have. So for group X, to find the 50th percent value, I added 8 + 12 + 32 = 52, which is right above 50, so the median would be 70 mmHg for group X. Doing the same thing for group Y, 2+8+10+20+ 18 = 58; the 50th percentile would fall in group that had a BP of 90 mmHg. which makes the median higher for group Y. hope that isn't wrong, and helps someone! +4