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Agree. PTT does not have to be elevated to be VWD.
*As an addition, median nerve involvement would have leaned more toward C8 than C7.
Do you have anymore useful mnemonics for brachial plexus?
FA pg 494 for mnemonics
Doesn't look like there are many in FA 2019. S1/S2 - Buckle my shoe. L3/L4 - Shut the door. C5/C6 - Pick up sticks.
S2-S4 keeps the penis off the floor :) (cremaster reflex)
Well, I missed this one. I don't even feel bad.
@keycompany a small typo, 100 cm^3 = 1 L not 1000cm^3.
1000 mL^3= 1 L
@keycompany how did you edit your original comment to fix your typo?
Pretty sure @keycompany was correct. 1 L = 1000 cm^3. Otherwise the answer would be 24.
yes you are definitely correct i think its a common wtf q that pops up bc there's one on uworld that asks if its true or false vocal cords and i had to hunt my prof down to figure it out...
also i think they love anything that compromises the airway
Shout out to Pathoma, Respiratory chapter, Larynx section, Laryngeal Papilloma heading. Only reason I got this question right.
can someone explain how to cross out the other choices>
what is hydropic degneration and where do i learn about it?
why is it not the loss of plasma membrane integrity?
Endochondral1, I had the same question. I tried figuring it out and this is what I came up with. The CHF and congestion of the lungs is reducing the amount of oxygen getting to the renal cells. With hypoxia there is decreased aerobic resp in mitochondria with decreased ATP. Without ATPase Na builds up and water follows. As far as the loss of membrane integrity. I think it would cause cellular destruction not just hydropic changes. This is my best guess.
Membrane damage is irreversible stage of cellular injury. if membrane is damaged cell is dying & it will shrink. or totally destroyed by inflammation.
they are specifically asking hydropic changes ie cellular swelling. which is the 1st sign of reversible cell injury due to failure of Na/K pump
@endochondral1 Chapter 1 of Pathoma. Also FA 2019 p207 describes hydropic degeneration without saying those exact words in the first bullet under reversible cell injury.