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 +0  (nbme21#35)

But here's my problem with this question: it says that she has a 5 day history of SOB and swollen legs. So obviously the heart is failing. I picked Decreased Stroke Volume for that reason.

nwinkelmann  AV fistulas are one cause of high-output cardiac failure. This person presents with heart failure, but it is due to chronically increased resting CO.




Subcomments ...

I’m going to point out that a normal healthy kid with no cardiac history or symptoms and no family history of sudden cardiac death for a pre-sports physical is probably going to have a benign exam no matter what you think you hear.

the260guy  What a weird question. I could definitely hear a fixed split heart sound. And it was loudest over the pulmonic valve too which makes it even more of a dirty question. But I guess what I was actually hearing was an S3 heart sound. +1  
wutuwantbruv  @the260guy I believe the splitting is being heard only during inspiration, making this normal physiologic splitting. Perhaps that's just my ears. +  
angelaq11  don't have adobe and couldn't download it, so I just chose whatever, but your explanation suddenly makes me feel dumb but grateful! Loving your tips! @benwhite_dotcom +