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Welcome to seracen’s page.
Contributor score: 11


Comments ...

 +3  (nbme22#41)

Classic FA Mnemonic:

S1-S1 Buckle my Shoe (foot) L3-L4 Kick the Door (leg) C5-C6 Pick up Sticks (bicep) C7-C8 Lay them Straight (tricep)

I know it's a reflex mnemonic, but it's served me well in these sorts of questions.


 +1  (nbme22#9)

Ugh, sorry, getting used to the formatting, and accidentally posted it in the wrong place.

Anyways, to reiterate, I always just look at the units. It wants L/min, I'm given cm^2 and cm/sec

So I multiply, to get volume out of it (cm^3), then convert seconds to minutes.

Thus, it's basically 2x2x6, in some shape or form after placing the decimals appropriately. Good thing they didn't add that particular wrinkle, I'll take my remedial math skills and bug out, haha...





Subcomments ...

submitted by marbledoc(0),
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hWy dulow ouy kas teh iatntpe ot iitdnyef hte pors nad co?ns I o’tnd gte teh cpaarhop h!ere

someduck3  There was a question about this in Uworld. for *stubborn* patients who are "not ready to quit" just yet you use the motivational approach. The technique acronym is OARS: Open ended questions, Affirmation, Reflect, Summarize. +6  
yotsubato  Additionally the guy himself says "I know smoking is bad for me" Like he knows its bad, he doesnt care, but give him nicotine replacement and maybe he'll quit... +4  
usmleuser007  I didn't think nicotine replacement was a good answer choice b/c if he isn't ready to quit then why would he agree to use alternatives. +  
usmleuser007  People who smoke and are addicted like the feel of the cigs and environmental ques. Using replacements would be more challenging. The second best answer choice would have been Rx. +  
titanesxvi  why not detail the long-therm health effects of smoking? +  
seracen  @ titanesxvi: I assume because they always like the most "open ended" response. If you start detailing the long term effects, the patient might interpret that as attempting to convince, and might resist or feel pressured. By having the patient elucidate what they consider pros and cons, you allow it to be an open discussion. +  
suckitnbme  Also because the patient states he already knows smoking hurts him in the long run so it may come off as lecturing on something he already knows. I view this as what is the least-judgmental way to facilitate the patient moving on to the next step of the stages of change model largely of their own volition. +2  
usmlehulk  i choose the option c which is initiate a pulmunary function test. why is that a wrong choice? +2  
makinallkindzofgainz  @usmlehulk - he's asymptomatic, knows it is not good for him in the long run, but is not quite ready to make a change. It is best to talk with him about the pros/cons of cessation so that maybe he will make the decision to quit smoking soon. Ordering a pulmonary function test is not going to be useful. Let's say it's decreased. Ok, so what? It doesn't change management in this patient right now. +1  
rainlad  Think of it as motivational interviewing +1  
tulsigabbard  Still don't like the answer given that the patient already stated that he knows that it can do him harm in the long run. It seems like overkill. +3  


why not sarcoidosis? 1.rheumatoid arthritis like symptoms 2.uveitis 3.kidneys ...only serositis is a bit controversial

seracen  I usually look for the hilar manifestation, when considering sarcoidosis, or the skin manifestations. Personally, I thought Sjogren's when I read this. +1  
peridot  @seracen I can see why you thought Sjogren, but I think Sjogren would have more emphasis on dryness of mucus membranes and eyes (technically the question stem does say "anterior chamber of the eye", but Sjogren is more like the surface of the eye so "anterior chamber" is a weird way to put it - usually that refers more to uveitis). Also, choroid plexus (whether that refers to eye or brain... tbh idk about that yet), but either way, doesn't really fit Sjogren. Kidney involvement is also rather rare with that I believe. +1  


I put constipation because I thought the medication being described might be CCB: can someone explain why nitrates over CCB?

seracen  Wouldn't nitrates be a faster acting drug here? That was my take-away anyway. One is more acute, the other for long term maintenance. +4  
suckitnbme  I also believe it's because CCBs have minimal effect on venous beds and would not cause a significant decrease on preload. +2  
beto  decrease of cardiac preload is another word of Venodilation, so Nitrates primarly venodilators. CCB dilate arteria more than veins +  
zevvyt  also, verapamil is the one that causes constipation. But Verampamil is non-dyhydropiridine, so it works more on the heart than the vessels +2