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I think this one was pretty easy if you just know the regional anatomy. That was the only answer choice that could remotely have that presentation, so I think it was just testing your knowledge of the structures listed relative to the description.
aorta is also behind of liver...
I also didn't realize the surgeon's hands would so deep in he could touch the IVC on a Lappy....kinda eliminates the point of a Lappy....
"A laparotomy is a surgical procedure involving a large incision through the abdominal wall to gain access into the abdominal cavity." Exploratory laparOTOMY very different than LaparoSCOPY, which is what I think you may be confused about. One is a gaping hole from which you can observe everything, and the other uses tiny incisions and scopes. Even still, a hand port used during laparoscopy can allow for digital manipulation of organs as needed.
I dont think the physician caused the avulsion, I think it was there already and he grazed the area. Causing it to fully avulse and break what ever clotting was going on.
are you able to clarify that phosphorylated myosin light chain kinase from cAMP/PKA and dephosphorylated myosin light chain from cGMP both cause smooth muscle relaxation?
saw this on another Q with the nitrates causing headache so now im confused
@impostersyndromel1000: Here is an image that summarizes cAMP and cGMP actions in smooth muscle cell very will. Hope it helps. link
cAMP INHIBITS myosin light chain kinase causing relaxation according to FA 2020 pg. 317